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What Is Hedge and How Does it Work?

Hedging meaning in the stock market describes a financial strategy. It is utilized by investors generally in terms of trading futures contracts. The strategy helps to prevent individuals from being exposed to the risk of losing assets’ value. In other words, hedging helps to mitigate losses with a chance to gain profit in another investment.


What is hedge and how does it work? The idea is to recognize potential risks or dangers and select a protected event that can have a positive impact on investor’s funds. As a result, hedging meaning in the stock market describes well-balanced investment support despite the type. It is a kind of insurance policy developed to meet the needs of stock traders.

Ways to Use Hedging Strategies

The idea of hedging is quite similar to insurance plans used to protect one’s properties from different types of risks. Hedging is mostly available in its major form also known as derivatives. It is a contract with a fixed price or value of the underlying instrument. This fact protects stockholders from losses resulting in unexpected price turnovers.

The most efficient way to mitigate the risk of decreasing asset value is to balance the price off. This is where futures contracts play a vital role. They come as an agreement making it possible for an investor to purchase or sell stocks at an agreed price no matter what happens in the market. If the price is declining, a seller will be able to make a good profit and vice versa, a buyer can purchase a declining stock at a most favorable price without any detriment to the seller’s benefits.

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Hedging Strategy Examples

Hedgers use various tactics. All strategies are different with unique features and approaches. The most experienced hedgers prefer integrating several hedging tactics simultaneously to ensure the best results and the most favorable outcome. Here are some of the most common hedging strategies for your consideration:

  1. Diversification. You all heard the expression saying “never put all eggs in one basket, and it never gets old. To make it simple, you are not supposed to invest all funds in a single asset but use a variety of instruments instead. What’s more, those instruments should not be related to each other.
  2. Arbitrage. The idea of arbitrage lies behind the concept of buying a specific asset and selling it immediately in another marketplace, of course, at a higher price. Although it provides investors with small revenues, it helps to generate steady income.
  3. Average down. A good strategy to hedge investments when purchasing more units related to a single product even if the price keeps declining. The idea is to buy as many shares at a lower price as possible expecting it to rise at some point.
  4. Staying in cash. The strategy considers investors to invest only a part of their funds while the rest is kept in cash to mitigate potential losses.

Hedging Areas

Hedging strategies can be applied not only to the stock market but also commodities (oil, gas, products, etc.), securities (bonds and stocks), and sometimes currencies. No matter where you use hedging, it will definitely protect your investment from the unexpected or unpredictable financial market or price movements.

This material does not contain and should not be construed as containing investment advice, investment recommendations, an offer of or solicitation for any transactions in financial instruments. Before making any investment decisions, you should seek advice from independent financial advisors to ensure you understand the risks.